The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution, 2011
This article provides an overview on two human universal features, music and language, which can be vocal, gestural, and written down. Both are hierarchically structured, being constituted by acoustic elements (words or tones) that are combined into phrases (utterances or ...MORE ⇓
This article provides an overview on two human universal features, music and language, which can be vocal, gestural, and written down. Both are hierarchically structured, being constituted by acoustic elements (words or tones) that are combined into phrases (utterances or melodies), which can be further combined to make language or musical events. The languages and musical styles can be described as forming families within which patterns of descent, blending, and development can be reconstructed. Communication with babies and infants has a particularly high degree of musicality. This is known as infant- directed speech (IDS) or motherese. The key characteristics of IDS are the extended articulation of vowels, heightened pitch, and exaggerated pitch contours. Several researches has shown that these are not simply used to facilitate the acquisition of language by infants but the musicality of speech has its own function in terms of its emotional impact on the infant. The infantile musical capacities could be a spin-off from language acquisition and the musicality of IDS is considered to be critical to the acquisition of language. The studies of those suffering from brain damage or congenital conditions show that music and language have significant degrees of independence in the brain, even a double dissociation.
Holistic Communication and the Co-evolution of Language and Music: Resurrecting an Old Idea
The Prehistory Of Language 4.0, 2009
In his 1895 book, Progress in Language, Otto Jespersen, one of the greatest language scholars of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, proposed that “language began with half-musical analysed expressions for individual beings and events”(Jespersen 1983 : ...
The Singing Neanderthals: The Origins of Music, Language, Mind and BodyPDF
Weidenfeld \& Nicolson, 2005
The propensity to make music is the most mysterious, wonderful, and neglected feature of humankind: this is where Steven Mithen began, drawing together strands from archaeology, anthropology, psychology, neuroscience--and, of course, musicology--to explain why we ...